China has been the cultural center of the Far East since it was found around 5,000 years ago. China’s neighboring countries, such as Japan and Korea, were the first ones to learn Chinese culture. They sent monks and officials to China to learn Chinese poems, Buddhist scriptures, music, costumes making and political policies, no matter how difficult it was for them to travel to China at that time. Chinese people also learnt the essence of their neighbors, which made Chinese culture more colorful and various.
Chinese culture spread to the Western world with the development of economy. In 1275, an Italian, whose name was Marco Polo arrived in China after a difficult plodding trek of four years. He spent the next 17 years visiting almost every part of China’s territory of the time. In 1295, he went back to his hometown, Venice and composed the famous world wide “Marco Polo’s Travelogue”, in which he described his adventures in China. Since then, more and more westerners have wanted to experience Chinese culture.
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