The first day of October is designated as China’s National Day to commemorate the founding of the People’s Republic of China. To celebrate such an event, the first week is known as “Golden Week” for the public holiday. The festival is celebrated with a military review and an evening gala.
National celebrations in China’s feudal society occurred on the emperor’s accession and his birthday. In contemporary China, the National Day marks the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Although Chinese won our independence on September 21, 1949, China’s new government passed the “Resolution on the National Day of the People’s Republic of China” to make October 1st to be China’s National Day. Hence, the day has become a great national festival.
National Day is a universal symbol of China’s sovereign independence, its emergence as a nation state. As a legal public holiday, it represents national cohesion. It is the time to honor the predecessors’ contribution and look to the bright future.
The large scale celebration has mass appeal, and its form has varied in different periods, but the pleasure and pride of the country have never changed.
The flag-raising ceremony is held in Tian’anmen Square, the national flag guards march in tight order from Tian’anmen Gate Tower. With the anthem chorus stirring hearts and arms held strong in salute, the national flag is raised and flutters in the wind. The number of visitors attending the ceremony on Oct. 1st are 100 thousand more than on ordinary days.
The military parade suggests the military strength of China with a presentation lasting 66 minutes, for remembering national humiliation, recalling revolutionary martyrs, and lifting the national spirit.
Communist party and status leaders offer flowers to the monument of the People’s Heroes for commemorating martyrs in the liberation of China. Overseas Chinese Communities also hold a celebration and flag-raising ceremony during the festival.
The National Day evening gala showcases songs and dances on the theme of eulogizing the motherland and the modern era. All Chinese people feel a sense of patriotism and are in a festive mood.
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