In China, there are seven official holidays in a year, namely New Year’s Day, Chinese New Year (Spring Festival), Qingming Festival, Labor Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, and National Day. Among these official holidays are four traditional Chinese holidays, which always subject to the lunar calendar. The Double Third Festival, however, is only celebrated by Zhuang Nationality in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Detailed schedule of the public holidays：
|Festival||Official Holidays||2020 days off||2021 days off|
|New Year's Day||1 day||Jan. 1, 2020||Jan. 1 to 3, 2020|
|Chinese New Year||3 days (the first three days of the first lunar month)||It falls on Jan.25, 2020.The holiday is from Jan.24 to 30.||It falls on Feb. 12, 2021. The holiday is from Feb. 11 to 17.|
|Double Third Festival||
2 days (the third day of the third lunar month )
Only applies to Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
|To prevent from 2019 novel coronavirus, it has been canceled||It falls on Apr. 14, 2021. The holiday is from Apr. 14 to 15.|
|Qingming Festival||1 day||It falls on Apr. 4, 2020. The holiday is from Apr. 4 to 6.||It falls on Apr. 4, 2021. The holiday is from Apr.3 to 5.|
|Labor Day||1 day||It falls on May. 1, 2020. The holiday is from May 1 to May 5, 2020||May. 1 to May 3, 2021|
|Dragon Boat Festival||1 day (the fifth day of the fifth lunar month)||It falls on Jun. 25, 2020. The holiday is from Jun. 25 to 27.||It falls on Jun. 14, 2021. The holiday is from Jun. 12 to 14.|
|Mid-Autumn Festival||1 day (the fifteenth day of the eighth lunar month)||It falls on Oct. 1, 2020, within the National Day Holiday.||It falls on Sep. 21, 2021. The holiday is from Sep. 19 to 21.|
|National Day||3 days||Oct. 1 to 8, 2020.||Oct. 1 to 7, 2021|
New Year’s Day (Jan. 1): This festival marks the start of the New Year according to the Gregorian calendar. While not celebrated with as much anticipation as in most other countries, many young people today enjoy staying up until midnight, going to parties, and/or watching a mass releasing of red Chinese lanterns or fireworks to countdown the end of the year.
Chinese New Year (varies): In 2020, Chinese New Year falls on Jan.25, but varies each year according to the lunar calendar. Commonly, and somewhat confusingly, referred to in China as “Spring Festival”, this is the biggest and arguably most important holiday of the year as nearly everyone in China gets around 10 days off. With 100’s of millions of people traveling within the span of a few weeks, crowds and traffic jams are unfortunately all too commonplace, and in fact, Chinese New Year is currently the largest human migration on the planet. During this time, many people who work far from their hometowns will make the arduous, time-consuming journey back to visit family and friends where they spend several relaxing days together eating, visiting more relatives, making their own small fireworks display or going to see large displays put on by their municipality, and eating some more. Gift giving is almost exclusively done by older generations passing out specially designed red envelopes (they must be red) to younger generations that contain cold, hard cash.
Double Third Festival (varies): In 2020, this festival falls on March 26. This is a popular festival across Asia for ethnic minorities, such as Zhuang, Yao, Dong and Miao. The festival involves different activities for each group; however, in general, many people celebrate with a lot of singing and dancing while wearing traditional clothing or perhaps taking advantage of the nice weather and going for a picnic or another relaxing outdoor activity. Since the holiday usually falls close to the next holiday, “Qingming”, observers of this holiday usually get 4-5 days off, which makes for a good opportunity to take a trip.
Qingming Festival (Apr. 4th or 5th): In 2020, this festival falls on April 4th, but since its tied to the solar calendar (Gregorian), it always falls on either the 4th or 5th. Also known as Tomb Sweeping Day, this holiday celebrates an observance that goes back over 5,000 years – remembering one’s ancestors and visiting their grave sites. Those who live within a reasonable distance of their relatives’ burial plots will spend the whole day at the cemetery, bringing flowers or food, or burning incense or special remembrance papers.
Labor Day (May 1): This is an international holiday normally celebrated on May 1st around the world (with the notable exception of the U.S. holding it in September) and it commemorates the achievements and contributions of workers. Most Chinese celebrate by traveling domestically and or going to local tourist attractions – like amusement parks or even the beach – which get very crowded.
Dragon Boat Festival (varies): In 2020, this unique and fun holiday is celebrated on Jun. 25th. Known for the racing of specially built wooden long boats captained by a person who rhythmically beats a drum while dozens of people row (and splash) in spectacular unison. So impressive are these traditional long-boat races that they are beginning to spread to many cities around the world, although they have customarily been held in mainland China, Hongkong, and Macau. The traditional Chinese Dragon Boat Festival commemorates patriotic poet Qu Yuan and people love to gorge themselves on the holiday’s traditional sticky rice dumpling named “Zongzi” (pronounced Tzong-Zih).
Mid-Autumn Festival (varies): In 2020, this festival will be held on October 1st within the National Day Holiday and always coincides with this month’s full moon. Taking advantage of nice, cooler weather and the traditional harvest season, Mid-Autumn is another time for families to get together, have a big meal, and then at night, go outside and gaze at the bright full moon while eating a sweet, cake-like dessert appropriately called “Moon Cakes”.
National Day (Oct. 1st): National Day commemorates the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1st, 1949. It is also known as “Golden Week” because people usually get 7 full days off work. Nearly comparable in migration size as Chinese New Year, 100’s of millions of people take advantage of the extra-long holiday and travel–either back home, domestically for fun, or internationally. All modes of transportation are busy during this time.
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