History is always consistent. The tourist attractions around the site of the Terracotta Warriors are of great help to the tourists to understand the background information for the construction of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses, and the history of Qin Dynasty, particularly the first Emperor of Qin Dynasty. If one can say that the history of the entire Qin Dynasty is a novel, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses are the most exciting part of the novel. However, if you want to comprehensively understand this novel, you need to finish the rest of it, and that means the tourist attractions around the relic site.
Location: Lishan, over 30km away from Xi’an in the east of the county town of Lintong.
Given the limited technical capacity of archaeological excavation, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor hasn’t been excavated yet. Tourists may just see a tall mound surrounded by mountains. The mound leans on the Lishan Mountain, as if it is an integrated part of the mountain. However, this situation does not weaken the charms of the Mausoleum. The world-famous pits of the Terracotta Warriors are actually just part of the funerary pits of the Mausoleum. Nobody could ever estimate how big this mausoleum actually is. Although the official explanation is that the current technical capacity does not allow excavation of the mausoleum, the true reason may not be so.
Location: the West Section of Hongguang Road, Xi’an-Baoji Highway.
Epang Palace is a huge imperial palace of the Qin Dynasty. Its relic site is located at Epang Village, in the western suburbs 15km away from downtown Xi’an. The palace was initially built in 212 BC, and was burnt to the ground later. The Epang Palace we see now was rebuilt in 1993, and its area is about one tenth of the original. If the original palace had not been burnt, its magnificence is definitely no less than the Terracotta Warriors.
Location: No.136 of Qinling North Road
The Underground Museum of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor encompasses an area of 16,700m2. The museum is a tourist attraction that comprehensively reproduces the imperial mausoleums of the Qin and Han dynasties. Based on large amounts of literature and archaeological findings, by employing modern audiovisual and electronic technologies, as well as artistic techniques of sculpture, paintings and ancient architecture, the museum simulates the two-part structure of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, with an above-ground mound and an underground palace. In an indoor space with an area of more than 4,000m2, the museum intensively displays the entire historical appearance of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, allowing visitors to see the “Millennial Mystery”, appreciate the charms of the Qin and Han architecture, browse the folk customs and rituals of the dynasties, and experience the profundity of the Chinese history and culture. The museum has remedied the limitation of the mausoleum which has not been completely excavated.
Location: West Side of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, the North Side of Lishan Mountain, Lintong District, Xi’an
The Bronze Chariots and Horses are displayed as a large bronze model from the Mausoleum. The model was unearthed at the west side of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, in Lintong, Shaanxi Province of China. The model features two chariots, one in the front and the other in the rear. After restoration, the size of the model is about half of the life-size of real humans and horses. The model was fabricated when the mausoleum was built, which means that it might have been built between 221BC and 210BC.