Located in the center of Niujie area, and covering an area of approximately 6,000 square meters, Niujie Mosque is the biggest and oldest mosque in Beijing. It was built in the traditional Chinese form of wooden structure, but it adopted the Arabian style of Islamic architecture with the detailed ornamentation of the main building. Tourists may visit the worship hall and also witness the worship of Muslims of the Hui Nationality.
The Screen Wall is over 30 meters long with exquisite patterns such as plants, geometric lines, and Arabic characters which are usually used when Muslims decorate their mosques. However depictions of animals and people are forbidden.
As you pass the Screen Wall, you will see the main entrance to the Mosque. The entrance is right below the Moon Watching Pavilion and it is usually closed except for the times of Lesser Bairam and Id al-Adjha. The Moon Watching Pavilion is about 10 meters high and above it hangs the Niujie Mosque plaque with its blue background and golden characters.